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Irish Florists > Flowers > Primula

Primula / Polyanthus / Primrose

Primula Description

Primroses are one of the earliest flowering plants of the year that are usually grown as biennials for bedding purposes. Primula, or polyanthus, have been used extensively by gardeners since the 1800's.

There is a huge range of different variations of primula available most of which are low growing and produce small attractive flowers in a wide array of colours.

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Cultivation of Primula Plants

Primula seeds should be sown under glass in spring until mid summer. Germination of these flower seeds can be unpredictable and may take some time.

Primula Blooms

Seeds that do germinate successfully should be pricked out when the young plants are large enough to handle. Pricked out seedlings should be planted out in a cold frame in suitable potting compost.

In the autumn plants should be placed in their permanent flowering position approximately 30cm apart from each other. The site chosen for permanent planting should be partially shaded and the soil should be good and moisture-retentive.

Popular Varieties of Primula

The following lists some popular varieties of Primula.

Husky Stemless flowers, clusters of white, yellow, pink, lavender& blue blooms
Wanda Hybrid

Prolific, cold resistant, bronze foliage, various coloured flowers

Moonlight Primrose Tall, bell-shaped flowers, white, cream, yellow & purple blooms
Scottish Primrose Related to Arctic species, can blossom twice, blue-purple flowers
Crescendo

Large blooms, tall, white, yellow, blue, pink & red blossoms

Pacific Giant Very large flowers, tall, flowers in a variety of colours

Primula Pests and Diseases

Primula, or polyanthus, can be susceptible to attack from slugs and snails that eat the flowers.

Height 15 - 30cm

Primula - Scientific Classification

Planting distance: 30cm Kingdom Plantae
Flowers from early to late spring Order Ericales
Fertile moist soil Family Primulaceae
Partially shaded site Genus Primula
Perennial treated as a biennial    
Flowers Index Cornflower Hyacinth Pot Marigold
African Daisy Crocus Lily Primula
Ageratum Daffodil Lily of the Valley Snapdragon
Alstroemeria Dahlia Lobelia Snowdrop
Anemone Daisy Marigold Stock
Babys Breath Delphinium Pansy Sunflower
Begonia Forget-me-Not Pelargonium Sweet Alyssum
Bells of Ireland Freesia Petunia Sweet Pea
Busy Lizzie Gladiolus Phlox Tulip
Chrysanthemum Hollyhock Poppy Wallflower

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