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Irish Florists > Flowers > Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum Flower Description

Chrysanthemums are popular flowering plants that come in a wide variety of cultivars including hardy and half-hardy annuals, and hardy perennials. Chrysanthemum annuals are hardy and usually produces generous amounts of blooms. The flowers are similar to large daisies in appearance and show right throughout the summer and into early autumn.

Chrysanthemums are a favourite with florists and are also popular with gardens for display in formal borders, containers and hanging baskets.

In the Far East Chrysanthemums are used in cooking. Chrysanthemum tea is used in China for medicinal purposes as a relief remedy for influenza. In Korea Chrysanthemum petals are used to add flavour to rice wine.

An interesting use for Chrysanthemums in the West has been noted by NASA. The plants have proven to reduce indoor air pollution.

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Cultivation of Chrysanthemum Plants

Chrysanthemum Flowers

Chrysanthemum seeds can be sown in almost any soil-type. Sow the seeds directly into the permanent flowering site from early spring.

When the seedlings are large enough to handle thin out to the correct distance depending upon the requirements of the variety.

In milder areas it is possible to sow chrysanthemum seeds under protection, such as glass, in the autumn which will produce earlier blooming.

Chrysanthemum Pests and Diseases

Most varieties of Chrysanthemum are susceptible mildew on leaves and stems. Caterpillars and aphids can also prove to be problematic.

Height 15 -60cm

Chrysanthemum - Scientific Classification

Planting distance: 15 to 30cm Kingdom Plantae
Flowers from early summer to early autumn Order Asterales
Garden soil Family Asteraceae
Sunny position Genus Chrysanthemum
Hardy annual    
Flowers Index Cornflower Hyacinth Pot Marigold
African Daisy Crocus Lily Primula
Ageratum Daffodil Lily of the Valley Snapdragon
Alstroemeria Dahlia Lobelia Snowdrop
Anemone Daisy Marigold Stock
Babys Breath Delphinium Pansy Sunflower
Begonia Forget-me-Not Pelargonium Sweet Alyssum
Bells of Ireland Freesia Petunia Sweet Pea
Busy Lizzie Gladiolus Phlox Tulip
Chrysanthemum Hollyhock Poppy Wallflower

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